Ethics is the study of what to do, how to act, and how to live.
Ethics and morality are the conceptually same. The only difference is that the word 'ethics' comes from Ancient Greek and the word 'morality' comes from Latin.
Ethics can be broken down into four aspects:
These aspects of ethics are interrelated and not distinct. What we believe to be the ethical action in a specific situation depends on what others have already done in these situations and what we believe it means to have a 'ethical' action.
Ethics is also interrelated with and not distinct from other aspects of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind.
What we believe to be the ethical action in a specific situation depends on what we believe to exist and what we believe is possible to be known.
Ethics can be very challenging because answers to questions about which actions are ethical are generally not found by looking out into the world. Instead, we often arrive to them by instinct or feeling.
The purpose of ethics is to: